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The SOLAR Cell

Solar cells, also known as photovoltaic cells, are devices that convert sunlight directly into electricity. They are becoming increasingly important as a renewable source of energy, as they offer a clean and sustainable alternative to traditional fossil fuels. This report aims to provide an overview of the history, development, and current state of solar cell technology.

History and Development: The first solar cell was invented in 1883 by Charles Fritts, who coated selenium with an extremely thin layer of gold to create a rudimentary photovoltaic cell. However, it was not until the 1950s that significant progress was made in developing solar cells that were efficient enough to be used practically. The first silicon solar cell was invented in 1954 by Bell Labs, and it had an efficiency of around 6%.

Over the years, research has focused on improving the efficiency of solar cells, reducing their cost, and increasing their reliability. Today, solar cells are made from a variety of materials, including silicon, cadmium telluride, and copper indium gallium selenide. They are used in a wide range of applications, from powering individual homes to generating electricity on a utility scale.

Current State of Solar Cell Technology: The efficiency of solar cells has continued to improve over the years. According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the most efficient solar cell to date has an efficiency of 47.1%, achieved using a multijunction cell consisting of layers of different semiconductor materials.

Research is ongoing to find ways to reduce the cost of solar cells, increase their efficiency, and improve their reliability. One promising area of research is the development of perovskite solar cells, which have the potential to be both more efficient and less expensive than traditional silicon-based solar cells.

Conclusion: Solar cells have come a long way since the first rudimentary devices were invented over a century ago. Today, they offer a clean and sustainable alternative to traditional sources of electricity, and their efficiency continues to improve. However, the cost of solar cells remains a challenge, and ongoing research is needed to find ways to make them more affordable and accessible.

More about professional solar under NCA-SOLAR


  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2021). Best Research-Cell Efficiency Chart. Retrieved from

  2. Green, M. A., Ho-Baillie, A., & Snaith, H. J. (2019). The emergence of perovskite solar cells. Nature Photonics, 13(9), 533-539.

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